印度政府设立了50万亿卢比基金帮助烟农转产
2008年09月05日来源:烟草在线据《经济时报》报道编译

  烟草在线据《经济时报》报道编译  政府设立了50万亿卢比基金来资助烟农开展其他作物的多样化生产,如油菜籽、大豆和辣椒。该基金为每个烟农提供50万卢比,逐步停止烟草种植。这是执行政府到2015年把烟草产量减半计划的措施。

  烟草生产中聘用的劳动力,也将给予恢复生产的财政援助。安得拉邦的Kovur和卡纳塔克邦的Shimoga是政府指定的两个开始整顿项目的村子。

  据业内专家称,此举措将使烟叶生产大大降低,对烟草公司的收入产生影响。政府旨在使该国至少700万烟农放弃烟草种植。

  烟草委员会主席巴布(J Suresh Babu)对《经济时报》说:“为了达到我们减少烟草种植的使命,我们决定在安得拉邦和卡纳塔克邦指定的两个村子里试验恢复项目。如果此措施成功,我们将扩大范围,扩大到其他村子中。”

  财政部同意了委员会赞助烟农作物多样化提议,但是拒绝了对每支卷烟征收5派士的提议。地方税原本是为烟农的恢复提供资金。

  烟草业聘用了1000万人。在烟草和烟草产品的产量和消费方面,印度是第五大国家。据卫生部估计,该国每年有100万人由于烟草相关疾病而死亡。在2002-03年,该国与烟草使用相关的所有经济成本为3080亿卢比。

  官员称,该国的行动与巴西和美国控制烟草生产的方法一致。在一段时间内,政府将看到烟农能够从替代作物中获得类似的回报。

  烟草业感到实施减少烟草生产的项目需要数年时间,进口永远是一个选择。不过,一旦开始逐步停止烟草种植后,烟草业可能必须为烟草支付更高的价格。每年向烟草公司拍卖了大约150万公斤的烟草。目前,拥有65%市场份额的印度烟草公司,没有进口烟草。第二大烟草公司戈弗雷·菲利普斯也是同样情况。

Rs 5k-crore fund to help farmers quit tobacco

Economictimes - Aug 27 2008 10:48PM GMT

  NEW DELHI: The government has set up a Rs 5,000-crore fund to finance tobacco farmers diversifying into other crops such as oilseeds, soyabean and chillies. The fund would be used to provide Rs 5 lakh per farm to gradually phase out tobacco cultivation. The move follows the government's plan to halve tobacco production by 2015.

  Labourers employed in tobacco production will also be given financial support for rehabilitation. Kovur (Andhra Pradesh) and Shimoga (Karnataka) are the two villages identified by the government to kickstart the rehab programme.

  According to industry experts, the move to bring down tobacco production by a significant chunk would have a bearing on revenues of tobacco companies. The government aims to target at least seven million tobacco growers in the country to move away from the crop.

  Tobacco Board chairman J Suresh Babu told ET, "To achieve our mission of bringing down tobacco cultivation, we have decided to try the rehabilitation package in two villages identified in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The success of the move would broadbase our coverage as we move to other villages."

  While the finance ministry has agreed to the board's proposal of funding tobacco farmers for crop diversification, it has turned down the proposal of levying 5 paise cess per cigarette. The cess was aimed at mopping up funds for tobacco farmers' rehabilitation.

  The tobacco industry employs 10 million people. India ranks among the top five countries in both production and consumption of tobacco and tobacco products. According to health ministry estimates, one million people die every year in the country due to tobacco-related diseases. The total economic cost of diseases related to tobacco use in the country was Rs 30,800 crore in 2002-03.

  The officials said the country's action is in line with methods adopted by Brazil and the US to control tobacco production. The government is of the view that farmers could earn similar returns from alternative crops over a period of time.

  The industry feels it would take years to implement the programme to cut tobacco production, and import is always an option. However, the industry may have to pay a higher price for tobacco once the phaseout begins. Around 1.5 million kg of tobacco is auctioned to companies every year. At present, ITC, with 65% market share, does not import tobacco. Same is the case with the second-largest player, Godfrey Phillips.

猜你喜欢